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Blood Test Abbreviations


Please Take Note:-The ranges for what is stated as normal given here are typical figures. Different laboratories sometimes use slightly different ranges depending on how they work. Always consult your Doctor about your results if you are at all concerned. Home Blood Group Test ABO & Rhesus D Test – 2 tests Blood Test results need to be interpreted by qualified healthcare professionals in combination with further investigations and NOT in isolation. Below is a list of some of the blood tests which are more commonly taken with the abbreviations used:- For the majority of blood tests you will be able to eat and drink normally. However for some you will be asked to restrict certain aspects of your diet or medication – your healthcare professional will give you full instructions prior to your blood test if this is appropriate in your case.

  • Albumin – This is the main protein which is in blood. low levels can indicate certain types of chronic illnesses such as liver disorders
  • Elecs / U&E’s Urea and Electrolytes – This is done to assess your Electrolyte (minerals) levels There are three main electrolytes that can be measured with an electrolyte test, sodium, potassium and chloride. The test will show how well your kidneys are working
  • Ferritin – A protein – This is to check the levels are correct as they are important for red blood cell production, and the levels of iron stored in your body. Normal range is Male: 12-300 ng/mL – Female: 12-150 ng/mL – nanograms per milliliter

The different types of white cells in adults are:

  • (HCT) Haematocrit – This is a measure of thickness, viscosity, of red blood cell content called packed cell volume PCV of your bloo
  • (HbA1c) -Haemoglobin A1c – This measures the glycated haemoglobin which is where the glucose has attached it self to red blood it is often used to measure your management of your diabetes. Normal levels are HbA1c of 6% or less
  • LDH – Lactate Dehydrogenase – This is an enzyme if the levels are raised this can indicate damage to cells and tissue. It is also used to monitor progress
  • LDL – Low density lipoprotein – Cholesterol – this is the “bad” cholesterol – it is protein which carries cholesterol to the arteries and blood vessels causing build up and blockages this can cause a heart attack or stroke
  • Magnesium – A deficiency in this basic element of the blood can be due to difficulties with absorption which can be due to medication, intestinal problems or heart disease. High levels may be due to kidney failure
  • ALT- Alanine aminotransferase – This is an enzyme and the test is performed to check to see if you have a liver problem
  • Amylase – This is an enzyme and if the levels are raised this may indicate a problem possibly pancreatitis (the pancreas is important for secreting enzymes for digestion and regulating blood sugar levels with the hormone insulin)
  • (BNP) Beta-Natriuretic Peptide – This can be done to check fluid in your lungs and for deteriorating heart disease
  • (BUN) Blood Urea Nitrogen - This test is performed to assess the levels which if raised may indicate renal function impairment. If it is low it can indicate liver failure amongst other conditions
  • B12 and Folate – This is done to diagnose the cause of anaemia or nerve damage- Neuropathy
  • Calcium – Is found in bone and blood calcium is tested to monitor how much is circulating and affecting conditions of the heart, nerves and kidneys as well as bones and teeth
  • Card EnzCardiac Enzymes – This test is performed when a heart attack is suspected
  • Chol Cholesterol – This is to test if you have heart disease or circulatory problems this is a common test which is offered to people who have family history of high blood pressure or if you are over 50 years old – high levels need to be treated as otherwise you may be at risk of heart disease or a stroke
  • Chloride – This is important for nerve and muscle function and distinct variations may indicate disease
  • Creatinine – This is a waste product and high levels can possibly indicate further tests will need to be undertaken to rule out poor kidney function
  • ESRErythrocyte Sedimentation Rate – This screens for infection and monitors inflammation. Normal results are Men under 50 years old: less than 15 mm/hr -Men over 50 years old: less than 20 mm/hr – Women under 50 years old: less than 20 mm/hr -Women over 50 years old: less than 30 mm/hr
  • FBC – Full blood count – This is done to check your general health and to screen for disorders, such as anaemia, infection, and nutrition
  • Normal levels are:
  • Haemoglobin
  • adult males 13.5-17.50 g/dL
  • adult females 11.5-16.5 g/dL
  • Red cell count
  • adult males is 4.5-6.5 x 1012/L
  • adult females 3.8-5.8 x 1012/L
  • Haematocrit
  • adult males is 0.40-0.50
  • adult females 0.37-0.47
  • MCV (Mean cell volume) range for adults is 76-100 fL
  • MCH (Mean cell haemoglobin) range for adults is 27-32 pg, and the normal
  • MCHC (Mean cell haemoglobin concentration) range is 31-36 g/L
  • White cell count for adults is 4.0-10.0 x 109/L
  • The different types of white cells in adults are:
  • Basophils: 0.05-0.1 x 109/
  • Eosinophils: 0.02-0.4 x 109/L
  • Lymphocytes: 1.0-3.5 x 109/L
  • Monocytes: 0.2-1.0 x 109/L
  • Neutrophils:2.0-7.5×109/L
  • Platelet count for adults is 150-450 x 109/L
  • FSHFollicle Stimulation Hormone – This is done to check your pituitary gland which regulates the hormones, along with the trigger for your ovaries to prepare to release an egg
  • GGT – This is an enzyme which is utilized in muscle, liver and heart function if this is raised it may indicate that disease is affecting these organs
  • Globulin - These are proteins you will need to prepare for the test by not eating for four hours prior to the blood being taken. It is important to discuss with your doctor any medication you are taking prior to the test. The results will help with the diagnosis of immunoglobulin disorders
  • Glucose – This checks the levels of plasma glucose in your blood. For an initial reading you may have to fast (stop eating) for up to 12 hours/ over night before the bloods are taken. If you have diabetes you can monitor your own levels The ideal values are: 4 to 7mmol/l before meals : less than 10mmol/l 90 minutes after a meal : around 8mmol/l at bedtime
  • (HGB) Haemoglobin – This is a protein and transports oxygen around the body and is usually performed to assess anaemia if too low or heart disease if too high
  • Hepatitis A – This is performed to see if you have the infective hepatitis A virus (Hav) which affects the liver and to monitor your recovery process
  • Hepatitis B – This is done to see if the vaccine against hep B has produced an immunity or to monitor the course of the liver damage
  • Hepatitis C – Is performed to assess if you have this viral disease which inflames the liver
  • Hepatitis DDelta agent – People who have this have Hepatitis B infection already. It can make the whole situation worse for a patient if not picked up
  • INR – International Normalised Ratio – This is to test your blood clotting mechanisms for people who take anti-coagulants (blood thinning medicine) like Warfarin. The normal range is INR of 0.9 -1.1 if you are high risk the values will be different
  • Phosphorus - This is a mineral and vital for muscle and nerve functionality conditions can be affected if levels are either too high or too low
  • PTProthrombin time – This is performed to check how well your blood thinning(anti-coagulants) medicine is working
  • (RBC) Red Blood Cell count – Low levels of these cells which carry oxygen around your body can indicate Anaemia
  • RF - Rheumatoid Factor – This is a protein found in the blood when rheumatoid arthritis is suspected – however some people have naturally raised levels with no rheumatoid disease present
  • Sodium – This is part of your electrolyte levels. These levels affect the kidneys and adrenal glands if levels are high or low it can be indicative of disease
  • TIBC - Total iron binding capacity This is a blood test which is used to detect anaemia liver function and other blood disorders
  • Total Bilirubin – This is the waste product of red blood cells it is what gives your faeces the brown colour. If levels are raised yellowing of the skin occurs and c be an indication of liver disease. Normal levels are Total bilirubin-0.3-1.0mgs/dl. Direct bilrubin-0.1-0.3mgs/dl. Indirect bilirubin-0.2-0.7mgs/dl
  • Total Protein – This is to measure all the proteins in your blood. Your doctor will be primarily looking for indications of liver or kidney disorders
  • TFT Thyroid function test – To test for levels of TSHThyroid Stimulation Hormone this shows if the thyroid is under active or over active.- this relates to your energy levels
  • Triglycerides – this is a form of fat. If the levels are high it puts you at an increased risk of a stroke or heart disease. To measure these levels accurately you will need to fast (not eat) for up to 12 hours before bloods are taken. These fats should not exceed 2.0 mmol/l
  • WBC – White Cell Count – This is performed when you may have an infection or an allergic reaction to something , it is also performed to monitor treatment you may be having

 

 


See Also: Blood Test Procedures, Blood Test Abbreviations, Blood Test for Cancer, Blood Test for Pregnancy

 

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